March 2020 Bonus Newsletter Articles Three Lessons from RetireesEach year, the Employee Benefit Research Institute (EBRI) surveys workers and retirees to assess how confident they are in their ability to live comfortably throughout retirement. In 2019, only 67% of workers reported feeling “very” or “somewhat” confident, compared with 82% of retirees.1A closer look at the survey results reveals important lessons to be learned from retirees, whether your own retirement is coming soon or a distant goal.Lesson 1: Don’t count on working longer. Almost three out of four workers expect work-related earnings to be at least a minor source of income in retirement, but just one in four retirees has worked for pay.2Moreover, there is typically a big gap between expected and actual retirement ages. In 2019, workers expected to retire at a median age of 65, whereas retirees actually retired at a median age of 62. More than four in 10 retirees retired earlier than planned, often due to health issues or changes in their work situations.3 Your target retirement age is one area where you may want to hope for the best but prepare for the worst.Lesson 2: Your income will largely depend on your savings efforts. Even though 64% of retirees receive income from a defined benefit plan (traditional pension), an even larger percentage rely on savings and investments, and more than half rely on income from IRAs and/or workplace retirement plans. Current workers are much less likely to have a pension, and more than half expect employer plans to play a “major” role in their retirement funding.4If you have access to an employer plan, focus on saving as much as possible — and don’t despair if you are close to retirement and far behind your savings goals. You might be surprised by how much progress you could make in a few years. In 2020, you can contribute $19,500 to a 401(k) or 403(b) plan and an additional $6,500 catch-up contribution if you are age 50 or older.Lesson 3: Health care may cost more than you think. More than one out of three retirees said their healthcare or dental expenses were higher than they anticipated.5 Be sure to include medical expenses in your retirement savings strategy. According to another annual EBRI report, a 65-year-old couple who retired in 2019 might need about $300,000 to pay health-care expenses in retirement.61–6) Employee Benefit Research Institute, 2019This information is not intended as tax, legal, investment, or retirement advice or recommendations, and it may not be relied on for the purpose of avoiding any federal tax penalties. You are encouraged to seek advice from an independent tax or legal professional. The content is derived from sources believed to be accurate. Neither the information presented nor any opinion expressed constitutes a solicitation for the purchase or sale of any security. This material was written and prepared by Broadridge Advisor Solutions. © 2020 Broadridge Investor Communication Solutions, Inc. Classifying Workers: Know the Rules and RisksBusinesses are responsible for paying payroll taxes for Social Security, Medicare, and unemployment for their employees, but not for independent contractors. And when using contract workers, employers avoid related expenses such as workers’ compensation insurance and other benefits. Instead, contractors pay self-employment taxes and cover their own work-related expenses.Multiple Tests ApplyContractors are hired to deliver a certain result; how and when they get the work done is generally up to them. Employees are subject to much more employer control, but they are also eligible for worker protections such as wage and hour laws.The IRS uses a three-part test based on whether the worker has behavioral and financial control, and the type of relationship with the employer (including the permanence). Under the federal Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA), worker status is determined by an “economic reality” test that is similar, but not identical. Complicating matters, some states have rules that are stricter than the federal guidelines.If your business is audited and the IRS or a state agency decides that one or more independent contractors were truly employees under the law, you might have to pay back taxes with interest, fines, and penalties. You also run the risk of being sued by misclassified workers.Employee or Independent Contractor?When hiring an independent contractor, there should always be a written agreement that specifies the project scope, payment, and other terms. Unfortunately, having a signed contract that says a worker is a contractor may not be enough, especially if any one of the following distinctions suggests otherwise.1. Employees work according to a schedule defined by the business. Contractors set their own hours.2. Employees receive regular paychecks through the payroll process. Contractors submit invoices and are treated as vendors under accounts payable.3. Businesses provide equipment, supplies, and training for their employees. Contractors rely on their own knowledge and use their own tools.4. Employees perform core business functions. Contractors typically provide supplemental services.5. The work relationship between employers and employees is normally considered continuous or permanent.Contractors work on a temporary basis and typically have multiple clients.Keep in mind that any contractor who works primarily for your business for a long period of time looks a lot like an employee. You shouldn’t hesitate to consult a qualified legal professional if you have questions about worker classification.This information is not intended as tax, legal, investment, or retirement advice or recommendations, and it may not be relied on for the purpose of avoiding any federal tax penalties. You are encouraged to seek advice from an independent tax or legal professional. The content is derived from sources believed to be accurate. Neither the information presented nor any opinion expressed constitutes a solicitation for the purchase or sale of any security. This material was written and prepared by Broadridge Advisor Solutions. © 2020 Broadridge Investor Communication Solutions, Inc. Get Access to Exclusive Content This page is only available to members of our community. Join us today and get full access. First Name Last Name Email Address Thank you! Oops!